Dyeing is the process of coloring fiber, yarn or carpet with dyestuff. Coloration in carpet can be achieved at three possible times in the manufacturing process: during fiber development, before the carpet is tufted or before the secondary backing is applied.
The end use of the product will determine the type of dye method. Manufacturers can determine the most appropriate construction, dye method and backing to meet the performance requirements. For example, a specifier may be concerned about fading in a setting with large windows, so the manufacturer would recommend a solution-dyed product with superior colorfastness. If the specifier wants a wide variety of bright colors, the manufacturer might recommend yarn dyeing or space dyeing.
Different Dyeing Methods
Pre-dyeing of yarn includes both solution dyeing and yarn dyeing.
- Solution dyed: Synthetic yarn that is extruded and the filaments are impregnated with pigment. Known for outstanding colorfastness.
- Yarn dyed: Yarn is dyed before carpet is manufactured. Yarn dyeing includes multicolor space dyeing and solid color yarn or skein dyeing.
Post-dyeing of carpet methods include: beck dyeing, printing and continuous dyeing.
- Beck dyeing or piece dyeing: With these methods, carpet is dyed “in a piece” using a large beck, or vat, of dyestuffs and water. This takes place after tufting but before other finishing processes.
- Printing: Printing involves the application of colored dyestuffs using screens, rollers or inkjets onto the face of the carpet.
- Continuous dyeing: Continuous dyeing involves the application of dyestuffs as the carpet moves in open width under the dye applicator. The process is called “continuous” because it can be used to dye an unlimited quantity of 12-foot wide carpets, sewn end to end. (This is most often used in residential carpet.)
Using Color and Pattern
Floor coverings are one of the dominant fashion statements for an indoor setting. Colors and patterns in a carpet can create a distinctive atmosphere, serve a practical purpose, or send a message.
Within a facility, bright colors with contrasting highlights can differentiate department or team areas. An accent color on the floor can establish a break between the floor and the wall or stairway, and a printed or tufted pattern carpet can reinforce a corporate identity.
Color selection of carpet is as diverse as the imagination can provide. Quiet colors such as neutral earth colors or the blues of sky and water are chosen for a soothing effect or a corporate look. Warmer colors, reds, maize, and shades of orange are used for creating a mood of energy and vitality. Mid-range colors and multicolor blends are best for hiding soil near entrances. Many carpet manufacturers will also produce custom colors and constructions to meet individual specifications for design coordination.
So you decide what you want your carpet to do and how you want it to fit in with the overall look and feel of your environment. There will surely be many good options from which to choose.